2015 – Reconstrucción de patrones explicativos vs. reconstrucción de teorías

  • “Reconstrucción de patrones explicativos vs. reconstrucción de teorías” (junto con Santiago Ginnobili), en Ahumada, J.V., Venturelli, A.N. y S. Seno Chibeni (eds.), Filosofía e Historia de la Ciencia en el Cono Sur. Selección de trabajos del IX Encuentro y las XXV Jornadas de Epistemología e Historia de la Ciencia, Córdoba: Editorial de la Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, 2015, pp. 417-428. ISBN 978-987-707-026-2.

Abstract

El objetivo de nuestro trabajo consiste en discutir las relaciones existentes entre el modo en que Kitcher analiza los productos de diferentes disciplinas cientíicas a través de la reconstrucción de patrones explicativos (Kitcher 1981, 1989, 1993) y la forma en que los estructuralistas metateóricos lo hacen a partir de la reconstrucción de teorías cientíicas (Balzer, Moulines & Sneed 1987).

Keywords

Kitcher, Balzer, Moulines, Sneed, patrones explicativos, teorías, metateoría estructuralista

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2005 – “Ejemplares, modelos y principios en la genética clásica”

  • “Ejemplares, modelos y principios en la genética clásica” (“Exemplars, Models and Principles in Classical Genetics”) (in Spanish), Scientiae Studia. Revista Latino-Americana de Filosofía e História da Ciência, 3(2) (2005): 185-203. ISSN: 1678-3166.

Resumen

Tomando como punto de partida el libro de Sinnott y Dunn, Principles of Genetics: An Elementary Text, with Problems, que podría ser considerado el primer libro de texto de genética clásica en sentido kuhniano, y el análisis de la estructura de las teorías biológicas y/o biomédicas realizado por Darden y Schaffner, discutiré el problema de la existencia de leyes fundamentales o principios-guía en la biología, a la luz del examen de la genética clásica llevado a cabo en el marco de la concepción estructuralista de las teorías científicas.
Palabras clave: libro de texto, teoría biológica, genética clásica, ejemplar, modelo, principio, ley fundamental, ley especial.

Abstract

Taking as starting point Kuhn’s analysis of science textbooks and its application to Sinnott and Dunn’s Principles of Genetics: An Elementary Text, with Problems (1925), it will be discussed the problem of the existence of laws in biology. In particular, it will be showed, in accordance with the proposals of Darden (1991) and Schaffner (1980, 1986, 1993), the relevance of the exemplars, diagrammatically or graphically represented, in the way in which is carried out the teaching and learning process of classical genetics, inasmuch as the information contained in them, indispensable for the right development of that process, exceeds the information contained in the “laws” linguistically articulated and presented in the textbooks. However, it will be maintained that the information is implicit in the law that according to the structuralist concept of fundamental law and the reconstruction of genetics presented by Balzer & Dawe (1990), and later developed by Balzer & Lorenzano (1997) and Lorenzano (1995, 2000, 2002a) could be considered the fundamental law of classical genetics,the law of matching, clearly identified in this paper.
Keywords: textbook, biological theory, classical genetics, exemplar, model, principle, fundamental law, special law.

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2007 – Exemplars, Models and Laws in Classical Genetics

  • “Exemplars, Models and Laws in Classical Genetics”, en Falguera, J.L., Martínez, M.C. and J.M. Sagüillo (eds.), Current Topics in Logic and Analytic Philosophy/Temas actuales de Lógica y Filosofía Analítica, Santiago de Compostela: Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, 2007, pp. 89-102.

Abstract

Taking as starting point Kuhn’s analysis of science textbooks and its application to Sinnott and Dunn’s (1925), it will be discussed the problem of the existence of laws in biology. In particular, it will be showed, in accordance with the proposals of Darden (1991) and Schaffner (1980, 1986, 1993), the relevance of the exemplars, diagrammatically or graphically represented, in the way in which is carried out the teaching and learning process of classical genetics, inasmuch as the information contained in them, indispensable for the right development of that process, exceeds the information contained in the “laws” linguistically articulated and presented in the textbooks. However, it will be maintained that the information is implicit in the law that according to the structuralist concept of fundamental law and the reconstruction of genetics presented by Balzer & Dawe (1990), and later developed by Balzer & Lorenzano (1997) and Lorenzano (1995, 2000, 2002a) could be considered the fundamental law of classical genetics,the law of matching, clearly identified in this paper.

Keywords: textbook, biological theory, classical genetics, exemplar, model, principle, fundamental law, special law.

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2001 – On Biological Laws and the Laws of Biological Sciences

  • “On Biological Laws and the Laws of Biological Sciences”, Revista Patagónica de Filosofía 2 (2001): 29-43.

The aim of the present paper is to contribute to the discussion on the laws of biology. In this respect two of the arguments against the existence of laws in biology are reconstructed and discussed, namely, the one based on their non-universality (Smart 1963) and the one based on their the evolutionary contingency (Beatty 1995). Then, the distinction between natural laws or laws of nature and scientific laws or laws of science is introduced and the consequent distinction between biological laws and the laws of biological sciences. Finally, the topic is discussed from the point of view of the structuralist conception of scientific theories, hand in hand with the distinction between fundamental and special laws, and the reconstruction of genetics made by Balzer and Dawe (1990), further developed by Lorenzano (1995, 2000, 2002), and by Balzer and Lorenzano (2000), in particular the reconstruction of the fundamental law of fit.

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